The ultra poor programme aims to bring economic and social changes in ultra poor households, and assist them in getting access to the mainstream development programmes, thus creating aspirations within the severely disadvantaged group of population. However, realising the heterogeneity even among the ultra poor, the programme addresses diversified needs of its target population with two different strategies:
- Specially Targeted Ultra Poor (STUP)
- Other Targeted Ultra Poor (OTUP)
The specially targeted ultra poor (STUP) strategy serves the bottom of the poorest 17.6 per cent of the population who live below the poverty line. After carefully selecting them, this approach provides intensive, integrated support including asset grants, enterprise development and life skill training, tailor-made personalised healthcare facilities and ensuring social integration through community mobilisation.
The other targeted ultra poor (OTUP) strategy serves the segment within the ultra poor who are marginally less deprived than STUP, but still firmly belong to 17.6 per cent of the extreme poverty group.
The support package for OTUP members is similar to that of STUP with the exception that in OTUP, soft loan is provided to purchase their asset rather than receiving the asset as a grant which is done in STUP.
The CFPR-TUP programme is a two-year cycle programme. After completion of two years, the high number of participants ‘graduating’ out of ultra poverty offers an understanding of the true impact of the programme.
- Graduating from ultra poor to a better economic and social condition
The indicators for this phase are positive changes reflecting food security, diversified income sources, asset ownership, improved housing, school enrolment and social acceptance.
- Graduating into the mainstream development programmes
After completion of the two-year grant phase, the ultra poor members participate in BRAC’s mainstream development programmes. This helps them to have continued access to financial as well as services from other development interventions such as community empowerment, access to better education, further community engagement etc.